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Due to the substantial agriculture sector in Africa, there are numerous agricultural prospects. Small-scale agriculture firms have recently expanded all over Africa, demonstrating that there is plenty of possibility for businessmen to develop themselves in this industry.

For many people, starting an agricultural venture is a tremendous dream. Africa provides a wide variety of farming prospects in a place with a variety of topographies and climatic conditions. It’s conceivable to begin localized, small-scale cultivation, which is wonderful news. Large acres of land, pivoting irrigation facilities, and a private dam are not always required. You may launch a modest farming operation and expand it over time as demand grows. 

We’ll go over some of the most crucial details of how to launch a farming enterprise in Africa in this brief guide.

Industry overview

Agriculture is a substantial industry in Africa, despite the wide variances between nations. It contributed about 17 percent of Sub-Saharan Africa’s GDP in 2021, up about two percent from 2011. The region’s job market is also significantly influenced by the agricultural sector. Around 197 million individuals were employed in Africa’s primary economy in 2011; by 2021, that figure had increased to 226 million.

In percentage, 44% of Africans who were employed in 2020 were involved in agriculture. In East and Central Africa, where proportions were higher than the average for the region, a sizable portion of the workforce was drawn to agricultural pursuits. However, due to the country’s heavy reliance on the manufacturing and services industries, North Africa saw the lowest percentage of jobs in agriculture.

Start the agribusiness

If done properly, establishing agricultural production in the continent can be quite lucrative. Here are a few crucial factors to take into account when launching an agricultural business.

Recognize the climate 

Because of its many seasons, Africa is ideal for a range of agriculture. Understand your weather patterns and soil quality first once you’ve decided where to launch your farm. This would enable you to comprehend the kinds of animals and products that would suit the area the greatest.

Conduct market survey 

Africa has a big agricultural industry, hence there are numerous agribusinesses operating there. To recognize the competitors and prospects that exist, you must comprehend the industry. Understanding your marketplace is especially crucial if you want to create a viable agricultural project.

Create a corporate strategy 

For your agriculture business, you will require a strong business strategy. This ought to be a detailed description of what you’ll do and how you’ll do it. Your agribusiness plan should include things like financial information, capital intensity, anticipated revenue, and a marketing strategy. 

Your business plan outlines the precise requirements you’ll need to set up your farming and begin turning a profit. Consider this to be the road map for your company.


Starting an agribusiness typically involves investing a substantial sum of money. Investigate your financing possibilities and make sure you have enough money to launch your company.

Register the business 

The most crucial part of registering comes after all the preliminary steps. You must be familiar with the African nation’s incorporation laws if you intend to launch an agribusiness there. Create a bank account and file taxes to register. The prerequisites for registration vary by nation, but generally speaking, they are as follows:

  • Identification papers;
  • Passport and passport-size photos;
  • Bank account and financial statements;
  • Tax ID;
  • Financial resources proof;
  • Business structure and activities; and 
  • Capital amount. 

Most produced crops in the continent 

The two African nations with the largest farmlands are South Africa and Nigeria. They dedicate 96 million and 69 million acres of territory, correspondingly, to cultivation. In terms of both goods and quantity, agricultural productivity differs greatly among African nations. The primary crops in the region are cereals, which are also a dietary staple in the majority of nations. These crops include rice, corn, and grains. Ethiopia, Nigeria, Egypt, and South Africa are the top four countries for cereal production. In 2020, they produced over 100 million metric tonnes of cereal together. In addition, Nigeria, Egypt, Tanzania, and Madagascar produced the most rice.